Puzzles for Week 2

Here are few puzzles that will help you to prepare for Interviews.

Puzzle 1:

Puzzle asked in one of Mu Sigma interviews: 
You are standing outside a room which is closed. There are three switches near the door of the room, all of which are off
  • There are 3 light bulbs in the room. One bulb for each switch
  • The room door is closed and there is no way to find which button corresponds to which bulb
  • You are only allowed to go into the room once 
  • Determine which switch corresponds to which bulb.

Squares in Chess

Puzzle 2:

Asked in many MBA interviews.
How many squares are present on a chess board?

If you thought that the answer is 64, then you are totally wrong.

Puzzle 3:

Read the conditions & answer the minimum steps to find correct label: 
  • There are 3 boxes with a label on top of each box 
  • The contents are: one box contains apples, other contains oranges & third contains both apples & oranges 
  • The labels are thus: A, O, AO 
  • All labels are misplaced
  • What is the minimum number of picks from the box (open the box & see) to correct the labels
Did you guess 2? If yes, then it’s wrong.


Here are some more puzzles that will help develop your gray cells.


GMAT - All You Ever Wanted to Know

GMATGMAT* (Graduate Management Aptitude Test) is a computer-adaptive test (CAT) administered by GMAC* for admissions to most of the business schools. Computer adaptive tests keep on lowering/increasing the difficulty of questions based on the wrong/right answer selected in the previous question.What is MBA and what to expect from it?'
GMAT scores are accepted by more than 2000 B-Schools over the world for admissions to their MBA programs. Now schools have also started accepting GRE scores as an alternative. If you are not clear if MBA is the right option for you, read our coverage on '

About the Exam:

GMAT is administered all over the year except public holidays. In most of the countries, you need to carry a Photo Identification card (mostly Passport) to appear for the test.

Duration of Test: 3 hours 30 minutes

How is the Test Organised:
The test has four sections:
  1. Analytical Writing Assessment (30 minutes)
  2. Integrated Reasoning (30 minutes)
  3. Quantitative (75 minutes)
  4. Verbal (75 minutes)
Before starting the test, you can select 5 schools where you want your scores to be sent - free of cost. Any additional score sharing is done by GMAC at an additional cost.

Few Points
Score part of reported score
Analytical Writing Assessment
30 minutes
1 Essay type Question
·   Analysis of an argument of business or general use
Integrated Reasoning
30 minutes
12 multiple-choice
·   Questions on graphs, tables, charts
·   Calculator is allowed
Optional 8 minutes break
75 minutes
37 multiple-choice
·   Tests basic arithmetic, algebra and geometry
·   Difficulty level – high school mathematics
·   Question Types: Problem solving, data sufficiency
Optional 8 minutes break
75 minutes
41 multiple-choice
·   Tests on grammar, logic and reading comprehension skills
·   Daily use English has several errors which are checked here
·   Question types: Reading comprehension, critical reasoning, sentence correction

Scoring criteria:

  • GMAT scores are given in the range of 200-800 with a possible increment of 10 (possible scores - 200, 210, 220, ..., 790, 800)
  • Only quantitative and verbal sections are used to calculate the GMAT score: scores are provided in the range of 0-60 for each section
  • The individual scores of each section are then scaled up to arrive at the net score
  • Colleges generally look at the overall scores rather than individual section split
  • Scoring of other sections:
    • Integrated Reasoning section is scored from 1 to 8. These are provided separately to colleges
    • Analytic Writing Assessment (AWA) is graded on a scale of 0 to 6 evaluated by two readers (one human and one computer). The average is calculated and reported separately. This also does not count towards overall GMAT score.

Cost of the Test: $250

Where to Register: Register on well in advance as the slots fill up fast

Validity of scores: GMAT score remains valid for five years

Other Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Q: What if I don't attempt all questions and only give correct answers to all attempted questions?
A: Since GMAT is a computer adaptive test. It's necessary to attempt all questions. If any question is left unanswered, GMAT penalizes heavily for that.

Q: How accurate is the unofficial score provided after finishing the exam?
A: Although there is little bit of normalizing that happens after you get the unofficial score. It's majorly for other two sections (IR, AWA). The official score will be close enough (if not exactly same) to the unofficial score.

Q: Can I cancel the scores?
A: After you complete the test, you are provided with two options:

  • Report the scores
    • You still get time to think for 72 hours and can cancel the scores by paying a fee ($50)
  • Cancel the scores immediately (without paying any fee)

Q: Are the cancelled scores reported later?
A: No, if you have cancelled the scores earlier - it's not reported unless you reinstate the scores. Only the non-cancelled score is reported

Q: When can I reappear for the test again?
A: You can appear 5 times in a year for GMAT. Between two consecutive attempts, there has to be a gap of atleast 4 weeks.

Q: How much do I pay to reappear in GMAT?
A: You have to pay the full amount ($250).

Q: How do I prepare for GMAT?
A: You should start by purchasing the official guide to GMAT. If you want to learn from the basics, we offer 1:1 skype sessions at a fee for candidates all over the world. Contact us to know more about the program.

Q: What after GMAT?
A: Each B-school has its application deadlines. Other than GMAT, several schools require ToEFL to be completed before application. After GMAT, there are requirements like Transcripts, Letters of Recommendations, Essay Writing, Interviews etc.

Q: How do I get sample papers for the exam?
A: Once you register for the exam, GMAC allows you to download their application which simulates the official exam and has two practice tests. We also offer more than 20 tests in our paid GMAT program to candidates - Contact us to know more.

We hope this post answers your queries. Leave us a comment for additional questions.

* GMAT, GMAC are registered trademarks of their respective owners and have no affiliation with UpdateMoi


Puzzles For Week 1

Here are few puzzles that will help you to prepare for Interviews.

Puzzle 1:

Puzzle asked in one of Microsoft interviews: 

Read the conditions and answer the question-

  • Four people have to cross an old and rickety bridge at night
  • They have only one torch and the bridge is too dangerous to cross without one 
  • The bridge is only strong enough to support two people at a time
  • Each person takes different time to cross the bridge
  • Times for different persons: 1 minute, 2 minutes, 7 minutes and 10 minutes
  • What is the shortest time needed for all four of them to cross the bridge?
Let me tell you 21 minutes is not the answer!

Puzzle 2:

Puzzle asked in one of Die Hard movies: 

You are provided with two vessels of capacity – 5 litres and 3 litres. Measure 4 litres of water in minimum steps. It is assumed that the tap is running & you can fill your vessel as many times you like.

Puzzle 3:

A farmer is going to market to sell - 
  • Stack of hay (dried grass) 
  • A Hen 
  • Wild Hound 
To reach market, he has to cross a bridge. He can take only one thing at a time. If he leaves hen with hound, the hound will eat it & similarly, hen will eat hay. Hound can’t eat hay. How will the farmer cross bridge with minimum effort?


List of MBA Examinations Conducted in India

MBA ExamMBA degree and the similar programmes like PGP, PGDM etc. open a gate of opportunity to the senior leadership positions. If you are not sure what it means, you can read our earlier coverage on 'What is MBA and what to expect from MBA?'.

It's as important as your preparation that you apply for the right programmes and B-Schools. To help aspirants reduce the effort of finding and applying for the MBA programmes, we are sharing a complete and comprehensive list of MBA exams conducted in India.*

National Tests:

  • Common Admission Test (CAT): CAT is computer based test annually conducted by one of the Indian Institute of Management (IIMs). The test is generally conducted on a single day with a test duration of around 3 hours during the months of November/December. In addition to IIMs, the score is also used for admission to management programmes of IITs, IISc, NITs, BITS, MDI, SPJIMR etc. and other central universities, colleges. The key to fair good in this test remains accuracy and speed.
  • Xavier Aptitude Test (XAT): XAT is a paper-pen based test annually conducted by XLRI for admissions to MBA programmes of XLRI as well as other member/associated institutes. The test is conducted for a duration of three-and-half  hours. Along with quantitative, verbal, GK questions, the test also has questions on decision making ability and essay writing.
  • Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Entrance Test: The test is conducted annually by the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) for admission to their MBA programmes. It is a paper-pen based objective test with duration of 2 hours and is conducted on a single day during the months of October/November. Speed and GK remains a key to crack the test. With student intake of roughly 300, the test witnesses an applicant count of 50,000 every year. 
  • Common Management Admission Test (CMAT): CMAT is a national level test conducted by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). It is a computer based test conducted once in a year during the month of January with a test duration of 3 hours. The score is accepted by major state level accredited institutes. Some of the IIITs and NITs also accept CMAT score for their MBA programmes.
  • Symbiosis National Aptitude Test (SNAP): SNAP is an annual pen paper based objective test conducted by Symbiosis International University (SIU) for admissions to Management programmes of affiliated institutes of the university. The test is conducted in the month of  December with test duration of two hours.
  • Management Aptitude Test (MAT): MAT is a quarterly test conducted in months of February, May, September, December. It is conducted both in paper-pen and computer based format with a test duration of two-and-half hours. It is conducted by AIMA and the score is accepted by over 600 B-Schools.
  • AIMS Test for Management Admissions (ATMA): ATMA is a national test for admission to MBA and MCA programmes and is conducted by Association of Indian Management Schools (AIMS). It is also a computer based test and is conducted four times in a year.

Other State Level/College Level Tests:

  • TISS-NET - Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance test
  • MICAT - MICA Admissions Test
  • NMAT by GMAC
  • IGNOU OPENMAT - Indira Gandhi National Open University Management Admissions Test
  • MAHCET - Maharashtra Common Entrance Test
  • TANCET - Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test 
  • MDI Admissions Test
  • IPU CET -  Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University Common Admission Test
  • IBSAT - Indian Business School Admissions Test
  • AP ICET - Andhra Pradesh Integrated Common Entrance Test
  • KMAT - Karnataka Management Aptitude Test
  • HPCET MBA - Himachal Pradesh Common Entrance Test
  • MP MET - Madhya Pradesh Management Entrance Test
  • UPMCAT - Uttar Pradesh Management Common Aptitude Test
  • TSICET - Telangana State Integrated Common Entrance Test
  • JEMAT - West Bengal Joint Entrance Management Aptitude Test
  • OJEE MBA - Odisha Joint Entrance Examination
  • KMAT Kerala - Kerala Management Admission Test
  • PU CET PG  - Panjab University Common Entrance Test
  • PU MET - Panjab University Management Entrance Test

* We have tried to be as comprehensive as possible but there are chances that we have missed out on few exams. If you have any such example, please comment below. We'll try to include it in our post.


What is MBA and what to expect from MBA?

What is MBA?

MBA or M.B.A. (short for Master of Business Administration) is the post graduate program that aims to equip the students with finer details of business and management. The study prepares students for solving real life business problems. The degree opens the door of opportunities for the students and gets them an entry into the most sought after class of experts.

MBAThere are different factors that make the MBA degree valuable:

  • You learn to work under pressures and deadlines
  • You get to know and network with people from diverse fields who are going to be the future leaders
  • You get to work on real life business problems
  • The education that is provided in MBA is diverse and is relevant to all industries and sectors.

One can specialize in his chosen field of interest like Banking, Human Resources, Information Services, Marketing, Operations Management etc.

Many people have misconception that all people that they see wearing suits and always on-call is the job that they will have to do after MBA. Becoming Consultant is just one of the options available after completing MBA. People move to diverse fields after MBA - some become entrepreneurs, marketing managers, senior managers, sales manager, operations manager, product managers, human resource managers, program managers, business analysts etc.

Why MBA?

The reasons for getting an MBA degree can vary and the most common ones are:

  1. You want to advance in your career – You are stuck in your current role or it will take a long time to get promoted and the future opportunities in your line of work are limited. MBA provides fast growth in career
  2. You want to assume leadership roles – The leadership roles (decision making roles) are often limited and MBA graduates are often favoured for Executive positions, Senior Management and Entrepreneurship
  3. You want to earn more – The Executives and Senior management are paid more when compared to the other employees and often get higher salary hikes
  4. You want to change career – MBA provides an option to switch career as you can specialize in different domains like Finance, Marketing, HR, Consulting with no or little experience
  5. You want to get higher degree – You are interested to become a specialist in business and want to earn a post graduate degree 

What is the MBA Admission Process?

For gaining admissions to the MBA programmes in B-schools, you have to qualify the preliminary test and clear the interview process.
Major difference between MBA from India and abroad is the experience that people have before they apply for a B-school. In top Indian Institutes like IIMs, XLRI etc. the proportion of students with no or less than 2 years of experience is high. While proportion of people with four or more years of experience is high in B-Schools abroad.

What is the duration of MBA programs?

There are different MBA programs offered by B-schools:
  • Two Year Programs: These programs take 2 years to complete and are spread over 4 semesters. Almost all programs in India are spread over 2 years
  • One Year Program: Spread over 1 year, the program is fast paced, has strict requirements for work experience. It is best fit for students who wish to pursue specialized study and advance in their current career or field.
  • Executive MBA (EMBA) program: The candidates who apply to this program have at least five years of work experience, are already experts in their domain, but want to sharpen their skills
  • Part Time programs: These programs are taken by working professionals who have their day jobs and want to study in the evening. The program generally spreads over 2 or 3 years
  • Distance learning and Online MBA: Several B-schools offer Distance MBA courses either through correspondence or Online (Internet)

Which are some of good B-schools?

The quality of education provided by a B-school is judged on the basis of:

  1. Faculty and the papers published by the faculty
  2. Diversity of experience and interests of students
  3. Strong Alumni Network with several alumni as leaders in top companies
  4. Consultation projects undertaken by college and industry tie-ups

  • Top B-Schools in India: IIMs, XLRI, ISB Hyderabad, SP Jain etc.
  • Top B-Schools Abroad: Harvard, Stanford, London Business School, Wharton, Columbia, Insead, Iese, MIT Sloan

Some Questions that are not clear to many:

Q. What is difference between MBA, PGDM, PGPM, PGDBM provided by different colleges in India?
A: Simply said - PGPM (Post Graduate Programme in Management), PGPM (Post Graduate Diploma in Management), PGDBM (Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management) are diploma programs while MBA is a degree. In India, unless the college is registered under a University - it cannot award MBA degrees. But that's where the difference ends. The structure and time required for the courses is same and even the IIMs also provide diploma and not degrees. If it's a diploma the colleges have more control over the syllabus and they can keep on updating it according to the needs of the industry.

Q. Should I do MBA just after college or should I get some work experience before doing MBA?
A: If you are planning for MBA from India:
  1. With less than 2 years of experience: it's better if you join as immediately as possible. With some experience but lesser than 2 years, you haven't learnt much on the job and lose on the Return on Investment (RoI) as you could have earned more in the same time span after MBA. Although 2 is not a magic number but we feel if you have worked for that period, you can appreciate the business concepts more
  2. With more than 2 years of experience: You should think about the future path you can take in you career and focus on that. Every day without MBA after 3-4 years only reduces the quality of work and the money that you could have gained after MBA. You can also think about getting in good schools either in India or abroad.
It easier to get educational loans nowadays and the installments start only after you graduate and start working. The cost of education might be high from good colleges but that's an investment that you must do on yourself.

* It's our perspective. If you have a different point of view or have more questions, you can leave us a comment :)


Engineering Colleges Ranking in Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar, J&K -
Here’s the ranking of top engineering colleges in Jammu & Kashmir. The ranking is based on performance of college on several criteria.We considered several factors like courses available, placements, journal publications, years of establishment, location, profile of teachers, ranks of students admitted etc. The data was taken from websites of the respective colleges and universities. NIT Srinagar & SMVDU were among the top colleges that admit students from national entrance tests. Other colleges either conduct their own examinations or admit through JKCET conducted by JKBoPEE.

Summer Project/Internship 2013 at HRI Allahabad

Programme Name: Visiting Students Programme Project/Internship

Organization Name: Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad (HRI Allahabad)

About: The Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI) is an institution dedicated to research in Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh in India.